KOMNAS Perempuan

Mengunjungi Sang Pembela Hak Perempuan

Kamis (13/02/20) Mahasiswi Hubungan Internasional UNIDA Gontor mengunjungi Kantor Komisi Nasional Anti Kekerasan terhadap Perempuan (Komnas Perempuan). Kunjungan tersebut merupakan rentetan dari acara Studi Akademik 2020 bagi Mahasiswi HI Semester 6 dengan tujuan ibukota Jakarta.

Instansi yang beralamat di Jl. Latuharhary No.4B, Menteng, Jakarta Pusat merupakan objek ketiga dari empat institusi tujuan para mahasiswi. Pukul 13.00 WIB rombongan telah disambut oleh Staf Komnas Perempuan, dilanjutkan dengan meeting session di aula Komnas Perempuan.

Meeting session dan perkenalan mengenai Komnas Perempuan disampaikan oleh tiga narasumber utama. Mereka adalah Alimatul Qibtiyah, dari bagain akademisi, Nahe’I MHI, seorang Kyai, dan Olivia Chadidjah Salampessy, seorang politisi mantan walikota Ambon. Komnas Perempuan merupakan lembaga yang menerapkan Paris Principle, yaitu lembaga dengan anggota yang memiliki latar belakang yang beragam. Ketiga narasumber tersebut adalah contoh aktualisasi prinsip tersebut.

Alimah menyampaikan bahwa Komnas Perempuan adalah lembaga negara yang independen untuk menegakkan hak asasi manusia perempuan Indonesia. Lembaga ini sejenis  dengan Komisi Nasional Perlindungan Hak Asasi Manusia, dan Komisi Nasional Perlindungan Anak. Bahkan ketiga lembaga tersebut sering disebut sebagai tiga bersaudara. Lokasi Komnas HAM sendiri bersebelahan dengan Komnas Perempuan.

Sejarah Komnas Perempuan

Komnas Perempuan lahir ketika terjadi diskriminasi perempuan pada masa Reformasi, Oktober 1998. Masyarakat sipil menuntut keadilan dan tanggung jawab negara atas perlakuan terhadap perempuan yang tidak manusiawi. Kasus-kasus kekerasan seksual terjadi di kota-kota besar di Indonesia dengan menjadikan perempuan sebagai korban, khususnya etnis Tionghoa.

Tuntutan masyarakat tersebut akhirnya didengar oleh pemerintah Indonesia, dan terbentuklah Komnas Perempuan melalui Keputusan Presiden No. 181 Tahun 1998. Komnas Perempuan kemudian tumbuh menjadi salah satu Lembaga Nasional Hak Asasi Manusia (LNHAM). Terbentuknya lembaga ini merupakan wujud usaha pemerintah dalam meneguhkan dan mengembangkan HAM terhadap perempuan, serta menghapuskan kekerasan terhadap perempuan.

Peran, Tugas, dan Cara Kerja

Komnas Perempuan memiliki peran sebagai pemantau dan pelapor tentang pelanggaran HAM berbasis gender dan kondisi pemenuhan hak perempuan. Selain itu, lembaga ini juga berperan sebagai pusat pengetahuan (resource centre) tentang hak asasi perempuan. Komnas Perempuan turut andil merumuskan kebijakan negara, serta menjadi negosiator dan mediator antara pemerintah dengan komunitas korban/  pejuang hak perempuan.

Tugas selanjutnya yaitu sebagai fasilitator pengembangan dan penguatan jaringan di tingkat lokal, nasional, regional dan internasional. Hal ini bertujuan untuk kepentingan pencegahan, peningkatan kapasitas penanganan dan penghapusan segala bentuk kekerasan terhadap perempuan.

Dalam Komnas Perempuan terdapat beberapa mekanisme dalam menjalankan tugasnya. Komnas Perempuan tidak membuka kantor cabang, hanya berada di ibukota. Hal ini dikarenakan lembaga tersebut memiliki peran mengkritik dan memberikan apresiasi kepada pemerintah mengenai hal-hal terkait HAM Perempuan.

Komisi Nasional Anti Kekerasan terhadap Perempuan
Komisi Nasional Anti Kekerasan terhadap Perempuan
kiprah Sang Pembela Hak Asasi Perempuan

Tidak hanya itu, lembaga ini juga aktif mengembangkan dan menguatkan jaringan lokal maupun nasional, melalui dukungan berupa finansial dan berbagai aspek lain. Komnas Perempuan memang bertugas membela hak-hak perempuan, namun lembaga ini tidak mendampingi atau melayani keluhan atau pengaduan secara langsung. Segala bentuk pengaduan akan dirujuk kepada mitra Komnas Perempuan (psikolog, pakar hukum, pengacara dll). Pengaduan dapat melalui telepon, email, ataupun mendatangi langsung Kantor Komnas Perempuan

Sebelum pertemuan ditutup, para mahasiswi dipersilahkan bertanya kepada para narasumber. Beberapa mahasiswi melontarkan pertanyaan-pertanyaan seputar penjelasan yang telah disampaikan, dan dijawab bergantian oleh tiga staf Komnas Perempuan tersebut. Salah satu pertanyaan yaitu seputar kontribusi Komnas Perempuan dalam aktifitas pebelaan Hak Asasi Perempuan di tingkat Internasional.

Komnas Perempuan tahun ini telah mengirim tiga delegasi untuk mengikuti acara di New York, yang bertema pembelaan HAM perempuan. Kiprah Komnas Perempuan terbukti melalui berbagai aktifitas tahunan maupun harian. Seperti Kampanye Pundi Perempuan, Mari Bicara Kebenaran, Kampanye Bhineka Tunggal Ika, dan berbagai acara lain di tingkat lokal dan internasional.

Acara ditutup dengan sesi penyerahan cinderamata dan perfotoan bersama. Diharapkan kunjungan ini mampu menyadarkan kita, bahwa perempuan memiliki hak yang perlu dilindungi, aga kekerasan apapun terhadap perempuan dapat terhapuskan. Semoga mahasiswi-mahasiswi di masa yang akan datang mampu memegang tegus dan mewujudkan cita-cita tersebut.

 

Penulis: Salsabila Safri Fitriani (HI-6)

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